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90's In Africa

During the late 1990's, Marine Corps units deployed to several African nations, including Liberia, the Central African Republic, Zaire, and Eritrea, in order to provide security and assist in the evacuation of American citizens during periods of political and civil instability in those nations.

90's in Africa

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Since the end of World War II, there has been a steady stream of immigrants to the United States from Africa. But in the 1990's their numbers dramatically increased. Now, the presence of these relatively-recent African immigrants is unmistakably visible in some American communities.

Khalid El-Hassan, the Program Director of the African Studies Center at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, says the number of African immigrants in the U.S. is growing by leaps and bounds. "Africans comprise now of more than five percent of the documented immigrants in the U.S. in 2000, which is really up from less than two percent in 1991. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that in 1997 about 2.2 percent of the foreign-born population in the United States were born in African countries, which is more than twice the estimate a decade earlier which is 1980's. We know also that the number of documented immigrants from Africa arriving annually in the United States rose from under 15,000 in 1980 to over 40,000 by the end of the 90's."

Dr. El-Hassan quotes immigration figures showing that more than 350,000 Africans legally entered the United States in the 1990's. By comparison, nearly 30,000 came in the 1960's, 80,000 in the 1970's and 176,000 in the 1980's. However, many African activists believe the U.S. Census Bureau 2000 report under-reported the number of Africans by hundreds of thousands. Like many other immigrants, activists say, Africans who are in the country illegally are not willing to participate in the census exercise or even seek government help in other matters.

But Dr. El-Hassan of the University of Kansas says some African immigrants, particularly those who entered the country as refugees from such countries as Somalia and the Sudan in the 1990's, have settled in such areas as the less densely-populated midwest. 041b061a72


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